Escort Trucks to Sioux City; Troops Denied
Waterloo Daily Courier Tuesday November 7th, 1933 pg.1
Gov. Herring Tells Sheriffs They Must Maintain Order in Strike
SECOND RAILROAD BRIDGE BURNED IN WESTERN IOWA
Livestock Receipts Dwindle As Blockade Is Made Effective
Des Moines – (AP) – Governor Herring Tuesday wired sheriffs of Woodbury, Cherokee and Plymouth counties in northwest Iowa to deputize citizens “to compel observance of the law” in the farm strike area. Telegraphic requests for protection of property came to the governor from W. P. Kennedy, president of the Great Northern, and F. P. Sargent, president of the Northwestern railways. Kennedy suggested calling out the national guard.
Sioux City, Ia. – (INS) – Three hundred farmers armed with clubs routed 100 farm pickets off highways north of here late Tuesday. Several were injured in clashes. After clearing the highways, the farmers escorted several trucks with milk cargoes into Sioux City.
Sioux City, la. – (U.P) – Nearly 100 farmers, some carrying shotguns, mobilized on highway 29 Tuesday and escorted two milk trucks to market here. Police met the escort at the city limits. The men said they had organized the “law and order league” to protect themselves against farm strike pickets after the sheriff had refused to demand the national guard. Gov. Clyde L. Herring refused to send the guard here at instigation of businessmen Monday. The farmers live in Perry Creek valley, north of here. They said they would volunteer to help any farmer who wanted an escort, and that they would march armed to combat resistance from strikers. Twenty extra police were detailed Tuesday to guard farm trucking within the city.
Second Bridge Burned Des Moines -(U.P) – A blazing railroad bridge added to the intensity of the farm strike in the Sioux City, Ia., area Tuesday but other sections of Iowa were quiet save one road near Council Bluffs. Following the advice of Holiday President Milo Reno, his northwest Iowa followers so effectively blockaded Sioux City’s marts Monday that less than 50 head of livestock came by truck to the stockyards, and 1,800 men were laid off by packing companies.
Early Tuesday a railroad bridge between Cleghorn and Meriden in Cherokee county, on the main line of the Illinois Central, went up in flames. It was the second railroad trestle fire in 24 hours and was believed sponsored by farm strike pickets in an effort to keep rail livestock shipments from markets.
Plan Armed Guards
The Illinois Central and Great Northern railroads announced they would place armed guards at their bridges in the immediate danger area to protect them Tuesday. Meanwhile farmers helped sheriff’s officers round up eight carloads of cattle loosed when a freight train was stopped Sunday night near Sioux City. The cattle were sent back to point of origin, and were not allowed by the pickets to proceed to market.
Gov. Clyde L. Herring adamantly refused to send the national guard to Sioux City in spite of an airplane visit late Monday from Sioux City merchants. He took the position that sheriffs should settle their own difficulties, and that public sentiment would quickly react to chase pickets from the roads.
Use Fists on Pickets
Aroused farmers unsympathetic to the strike movement Monday used their fists effectively against pickets in Pottawattamie county, and 50 strikers were forced to flee into Nebraska. A new picket camp was established early today, however, on one highway leading to Council Bluffs from the east, over which most livestock truck shipments are routed. Refusal of President Roosevelt to accede to demands of five Midwestern governors for the pegging of farm prices, inflation and a farm foreclosure moratorium added fuel to years of smouldering discontent in some sections.
“God help us, the war is on,” one Wisconsin strike leader exclaimed when informed the federal government had refused to alter its farm relief policy. “We are fighting a defensive, not an aggressive war.”
In sections of Wisconsin, Minnesota and Nebraska trucks bearing farm products were halted and their contents dumped. More than 100 Wisconsin creameries are closed. Four were damaged or destroyed last week by dynamite blasts. Fourteen Wisconsin and nine Minnesota counties were being policed by pickets. Nebraska and South Dakota activity was confined primarily to the territory within marketing distance of the Sioux City, Ia., facilities. The North Dakota wheat embargo continued in force, and there was no picketing reported from that state.
Herring Assured Picketing Unpopular
Des Moines – (AP) – New violence, attributed to the farm strike, flamed along the agricultural front in northwestern Iowa, bringing a more serious aspect to the anti-selling movement. Gov. Herring summoned Iowa legislators from the Sioux City district, heard their opinion that 98 per cent of the farmers are opposed to picketing. Then he summoned John Chalmers, president of the Iowa Farmers Holiday association. He put an appeal to him to demand peaceful resolution of the embargo. Chalmers agreed.
A cache of ax handles and several long bridge planks with protruding spikes were found in picket camps near Council Bluffs. Railroad detectives rode trains and patrolled bridges.
Reno Regrets Violence
Milo Reno, president of the National Farmers’ Holiday association which sponsored the strike, said, “These acts of violence are regrettable.” The executive board of the Chippewa county, Wisconsin, Holiday association decided to resume the farm strike. Milwaukee officials saw women in the picket lines armed with flatirons. Near Penwaukee, Wis., 1,000 chickens fluttered down the highway as pickets released a truckload. Holidayers in Oklahoma went on strike nominally, but expected no results “for a week or 10 days.”
Army Rifles Stolen
Milwaukee, Wis. – (AP) – The theft of 10 army rifles from an American Legion hall at Omro Winnebago county, scene of recent farm strike disturbances, was reported to federal authorities here Tuesday. E. C. Abell, Winnebago county sheriff, expressed belief the rifles were stolen by persons involved in the farm strike. The Sheboygan county sheriff was notified of the theft of seven sticks of dynamite from the Sheboygan lime works. It was the second theft of dynamite reported in the county since the farm strike started.
Macon, Mo. – (AP) – Although voicing opposition to the farm strike, the executive committee of the Missouri Farmers’ association Monday adopted a resolution protesting against the administration’s action in rejecting the price-fixing plan offered by midwestern governors.
Minneapolis, Minn. – (U.P) – The next move in the Minnesota farm strike will be the importation of enough picketers to make the strike effective in the Twin City area, Farmers Holiday President John Bosch, announced Tuesday. Strikers in Kandiyohi county reported that more than 1,000 picketers were patrolling the roads with the result that no farm produce was being moved. Dairymen in St. Louis county, Minnesota and Douglas county, Wisconsin, threatened to renew picketing unless milk buyers in Duluth and Superior acceded to their demand for a price increase from the recent price of $1.15 per hundredweight to a price of $2.08 – the price paid in the Chicago district.